Category Archives: 5. Library & Publications

Green Economy and Trade Opportunities Project (GE-TOP) Launch of the Country Report “The Green Economy & Trade: Trade in Certified Organic Agriculture – Challenges and Opportunities for South Africa”. 26th April, 2016 The Innovation Hub, Pretoria, South Africa

 

Background

The objective of the Green Economy and Trade Opportunities Project (GE-TOP) is to identify, assess and inform trade opportunities that arise from a green economy transition, and tackle related risks and challenges. In South Africa, UNEP partnered with the Trade Law Centre NPC (tralac) to assess trade opportunities arising from a shift to organic farming in the national agricultural and agro-processing sector. The country study includes an assessment of challenges and opportunities of sustainability standards and certification as a means to access international markets in the agricultural sector, and an evaluation of related costs and benefits. The project builds on findings from UNEP`s South Africa Green Economy Modelling Report (2011) and links with relevant organic initiatives on national and regional level. Continue reading

UNIC Library Newsletter – June 2014

New websites within the UN system

UN in General

A/69/100: Annotated preliminary list of items to be included in the provisional agenda of the sixty-ninth regular session of the General Assembly

http://undocs.org/A/69/100

Dag Hammarskjöld Library Research Guide:

Human Rights, the Rule of Law & the post-2015 development agenda

http://research.un.org/en/ruleoflaw

Human Rights, the Rule of Law & the post-2015 development agenda

For the High-Level Event of the General Assembly on “Contributions of Human Rights and the Rule of Law in the Post-2015 Development Agenda” that took place in New York on 9-10 June DHL has created this research guide.

Peace and Security

Security Council Concept Note: “United Nations peacekeeping operations: new trends” (2 June 2014)

English & French: http://undocs.org/S/2014/384

The Security Council held an open debate on “United Nations peacekeeping operations: new trends” on 11 June May 2014. The Security Council President for the month of June, the Russian Federation, has prepared this concept note.

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations – Fact Sheet: 30 April 2014 (DPI/1634/Rev.156, May 2014)

English: http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/resources/statistics/factsheet.shtml

French: http://www.un.org/fr/peacekeeping/resources/statistics/factsheet.shtml

United Nations Political and Peacebuilding Missions – Fact Sheet: 30 April 2014 (DPI/2166/Rev.130, May 2014)

English: http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/documents/ppbm.pdf

French: http://www.un.org/fr/peacekeeping/documents/ppbmf.pdf

 

Economic and Social Affairs

CounterfeitCounterfeit: Don’t buy into organized crime (UNODC)

English: http://is.gd/eC8w3O

French: http://is.gd/aLCIvY

To coincide with World Anti-Counterfeiting Day (5 June 2014), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has launched a new consumer awareness brochure on the links between counterfeiting and organized crime. The brochure takes into account the unique position of consumers to encourage change through their choices and behaviour. By highlighting some of the key harms attached to counterfeit goods, the brochure urges this group to be aware of just how risky purchasing these items can be both to themselves and to the wider community.

Emerging issues for Small Island Developing States: Results of the UNEP Foresight Process

http://www.unep.org/pdf/Emerging_issues_for_small_island_developing_states.pdf

Climate change-induced sea-level rise in the world’s 52 small island nations – estimated to be up to four times the global average – continues to be the most pressing threat to their environment and socio-economic development; with annual losses at the trillions of dollars due to increased vulnerability. An immediate shift in policies and investment towards renewable energy and green economic growth is required to avoid exacerbating these impacts, says a new report by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) release on World Environment Day (5 June 2014).

How oceans- and seas-related measures contribute to the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development: Local and regional experiences (DESA)

http://un4.me/1lJ0zFC

The e-publication is a contribution to a growing collection of studies on how to conserve and sustainably manage the resources of the oceans and seas to foster sustainable development. It contains a selection of successful local and regional examples of oceans- and seas-related measures from around the world. In particular, the publication seeks to illustrate how these measures were able to contribute to all three dimensions of sustainable development with benefits not only for the environment, but also for local communities and national economies.

think - eat - savePrevention and reduction of food and drink waste in businesses and households: Guidance for governments, local authorities, businesses and other organisations” (UNEP / FAO / WRAP – Think.Eat.Save Guidance)

http://www.thinkeatsave.org/index.php/be-informed/think-eat-save-guidance-document

A new tool, as part of SAVE FOOD Initiative and FAO-UNEP Sustainable Food Systems Programme, provides guidance to governments, local authorities, businesses and others on designing effective food waste prevention programmes.

Raising tax on tobacco: what you need to know (WHO)

English: http://www.who.int/campaigns/no-tobacco-day/2014/brochure/en/

French: http://www.who.int/campaigns/no-tobacco-day/2014/brochure/fr/

Raising tax on tobacco Raising taxes on tobacco is the most effective policy to reduce tobacco use. It is also the most cost-effective. This short brochure gives examples of how countries including France, the Philippines and Turkey have successfully introduced strong tobacco tax policies. It also breaks down the myths spread by the tobacco industry about the impact of tobacco tax increases. Lastly, it lists what WHO recommends for further progress towards more widespread strong tobacco tax policies.

Squandering Humanity: Socioeconomic Monitoring Report on Syria; Combined third and fourth quarter report (July – December 2013) (UNRWA / UNDP / Syrian Centre for Policy Research)

http://www.unrwa.org/sites/default/files/scpr_report_q3-q4_2013_270514final_3.pdf

Even as the death toll from Syria’s three-year civil war continues to rise, the country’s human development has also suffered immense collateral damage – the economy has been gutted, the healthcare system is in ruins, and education facilities are “teetering” – according to a new joint United Nations report out on 28 May 2014. According to the report, covering the last two quarters of last year, three out of four Syrians now live in poverty, with more than half the population – 54.3 per cent in 2013 – living in extreme poverty. As the conflict grinds on with no end in sight, some 20 per cent of the population now barely has the means to meet basic needs.

State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources (FAO)

Report in English: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3825e.pdf

Key findings – English: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3827e.pdf

Key findings – French: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3827f.pdf

This first volume of “The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources” constitutes a major step in building the information and knowledge base required for action towards better conservation and sustainable management of forest genetic resources at the national, regional and international levels.

State of the World’s Midwifery: A Universal Pathway – A Woman’s Right to Health

Report in English: http://unfpa.org/public/home/publications/pid/17601

Executive Summary & Fact Sheet in English & French: http://unfpa.org/public/home/pid/16021

When trained and supported by a functional health system, midwives could provide 87 per cent of the essential care needed for women and newborns, and could potentially reduce maternal and newborn deaths by two thirds. This was among the findings of this report launched on 3 June 2014 by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM), the World Health Organization (WHO) and partners

World of Work Report 2014: Developing with jobs (ILO)

Report in English, Summary in English, French & Spanish: http://un4.me/1lZh05t

This year’s edition focuses on developing countries and argues that quality jobs are a key driver for development. It draws on evidence from over 140 developing countries and finds that a common factor amongst those countries that have achieved higher per capita income and sustained growth was quality jobs.

World Social Protection Report 2014-15 (ILO)

Report in English: http://un4.me/1sqy3lI

Executive Summary & French: http://un4.me/SW2BeC

This new report by the International Labour Organization (ILO) presents the latest social security trends and finds that most people are without adequate social protection at a time when it is most needed. According to the report, more than 70 per cent of the world population is not adequately covered by social protection and only 27 per cent of the global population enjoys access to comprehensive social security.

Human Rights

Concept Note on the Draft General Recommendation on Girls’/Women’s Right to Education

http://un4.me/1pMbrde

During its next session in Geneva from 30 June to 18 July 2014, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) will hold a half-day general discussion about elaborating a General Recommendation on girls’ and women’s right to education.

Eliminating forced, coercive and otherwise involuntary sterilization: An interagency statement (OHCHR, UN Women, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF and WHO)

http://un4.me/1lC9O05

Eliminating forced, coercive and otherwise involuntary sterilization: An interagency statement Historically, involuntary sterilization, as a means of achieving genetic ‘strength’ and implementing population control policies, has involved serious human rights violations. The most marginalized groups have been the target of these practices, which persist today and in some places are codified in law. The people most often subjected to these abusive practices are women, especially those living in poverty, women living with HIV, women with disabilities, minority and indigenous women, and transgender and intersex persons. This statement, released by several UN agencies, describes the history of this practice, including its use as a method of mass birth control in the latter half of the 20th century in contravention of fundamental human rights principles of autonomy and dignity.

Guidance Note of the Secretary‐General: Reparations for Conflict‐Related Sexual Violence (OHCHR / UN WOMEN)

http://un4.me/Tacju6

At the Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in Conflict being held in London, UN Women launched on 11 June 2014 along with OHCHR this guidance note, a blueprint for promoting gender-sensitive approaches to the design and delivery of reparations for victims of conflict-related sexual violence.

Open wounds: Torture and ill-treatment in the Syrian Arab Republic

(14 April 2014)

http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/SY/PaperOnTorture.pdf

They called us prostitutes and spat on our faces…I was hanged against a wall for three days, and frequently beaten with an electric cable. I used to pass out from the pain,” recounts WA, a 26-year-old Syrian woman. She was arrested along with several other women and for more than two weeks she faced torture, including sexual violence, while being held by security forces. After they released WA, she was forced to run away when her family rejected her after learning she had been raped. This story is drawn from one of the 38 interviews conducted by the UN Human Rights Office with individuals who were released from detention facilities throughout the Syrian Arab Republic and who have come forward to share their horrifying experiences. Their stories are included in this thematic paper, produced by the Office creating vivid images of the suffering of victims of torture and ill-treatment by the Syrian Government and by some opposition groups.

Oral Update of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic – Advance Version

(A/HRC/26/CRP.2, 16 June 2014)

http://un4.me/1rbuY4o

The majority of civilians in Syria continue to bear the brunt of the ongoing conflict, the head of a United Nations-appointed human rights panel, Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, said on 17 June 2014, noting that violence has escalated to an unprecedented level, humanitarian aid is arbitrarily denied and perpetrators of crimes have no fear of consequence.

In over 3,000 interviews, the Commission has collected “detailed narratives” indicating a massive number of war crimes and crimes against humanity, said Mr. Pinheiro. “Patterns of violations have been established. The culpability of hundreds of alleged perpetrators is being determined. The result is a solid foundation of evidence that contains a resolute commitment to accountability.”

 

Humanitarian Affairs

UNHCR Global Views blog

http://blog.unhcr.org/globalviews/

The UNHCR Global Views blog is a forum to discuss refugee policy and practice, featuring posts by Deputy High Commissioner Alex Aleinikoff and other experts. While news agencies actively cover the latest refugee news, in-depth policy discussions about refugee issues are largely absent from the public eye. Global Views aims to fill this void by providing a place for research and practice to come together. We see the blog as an opportunity for policy thinkers, academics, and interested readers to join us in an important and timely discussion.

Victims of Terrorism Support Portal

English: http://www.un.org/victimsofterrorism/en

French: http://www.un.org/victimsofterrorism/fr

The Support Portal is dedicated to and highlights the importance of those individuals across the globe that have been attacked, injured, traumatized or lost their lives during terrorist attacks.

War's Human CostWar’s Human Cost: UNHCR Global Trends 2013

http://www.unhcr.org/5399a14f9.html

The annual report shows that the number of refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced people worldwide has, for the first time in the post-World War II era, exceeded 50 million people. 51.2 million people were forcibly displaced at the end of 2013, fully 6 million more than the 45.2 million reported in 2012.

 

International Law

Audiovisual Library of International Law – latest additions

http://www.un.org/law/avl/

New titles added to the library collection in June

I.   General Information and Reference

UN Chronicle. Volume LI, Number 1, 2014: “The 50th Anniversary of the Group of 77 at the United Nations”. 43 p.
Online version: http://unchronicle.un.org/

II.    Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)

Environmental Performance Reviews: Morocco.
United Nations. New York and Geneva. 2014. xxx, 234 p. (ECE/CEP/170)
Sales No. E.14.II.E.5. ISBN 978-92-1-117074-0.
Online version: http://un4.me/1iokYow

III.     Economic Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

Preliminary Overview of the Economies of Latin America and the Caribbean, 2013.
United Nations. Santiago, Chile. 2013. 87 p.
Sales No. E.14.II.G.2. ISBN 978-92-1-121839-0.
Online version: http://un4.me/1nkh5gL

IV.    International Trade Centre (UNCTAD/WTO)

International Trade Forum, Issue 1, 2014. 38 p.
“Trade in Services”
Online version: http://www.tradeforum.org/2014-01/

V    International Narcotics Control Board

Report of the International Narcotic Control Board for 2013 (E/INCB/2013/1)
United Nations. New York, 2014.
Sales No. E.14.XI.I. ISBN 978-92-1-148274-4.

Online:http://incb.org/documents/Publications/AnnualReports/AR2013/English/AR_2013_E.pd

VI.    Human Rights (including Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights – OHCHR)

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Training Guide No. 19 (Professional Training Series).
United Nations. New York and Geneva. 2014. 153 p. (HR/P/PT/19)
Sales No. E.14.XIV.2. ISBN 978-92-1-154203-5.
Online version: http://un4.me/1ics8we

VII.  World Health Organization (WHO)

Bulletin of the World Health Organization: Volume 92, Issue 6, June 2014, p. 385-464.

Online version: http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/92/6/en/index.html
Note:
Please send your questions and feedback to the UNIC Library at hope.kabamba@unic.org

UNIC Library Newsletter – May 2014

New websites within the UN system

UN in General

Dag Hammarskjöld Library Research Guide: “South-South Cooperation, ICT & the post-2015 development agenda”

http://research.un.org/en/south-south

For the High-Level Event of the General Assembly on “Contributions of North-South, South-South, Triangular Cooperation, and ICT for Development to the implementation of the Post-2015 Development Agenda” that took place in New York on 21-22 May 2014, DHL has created this research guide.

Dag Hammarskjöld Library Research Guide: UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues  

http://research.un.org/en/indigenous

The UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues started in New York on 12 May 2014. For this occasion DHL has created a guide to resources on the UN and indigenous issues.

Second United Nations Conference on Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs), 3-5 November 2014,  Vienna, Austria

http://www.lldc2conference.org/

The UN Office of the High Representative for Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS) has launched a new website dedicated to his conference. Of the 32 countries classified as landlocked developing, 16 are located in Africa, 10 in Asia, 4 in Europe and 2 in Latin America.

Summary of the features: – A news stream on the home page providing visitors with timely, easy-to-read information affecting landlocked developing countries, – Several pages explaining the intergovernmental, private sector and interagency process in clear and concise manner, – A sub-section dedicated to the private sector forum planned to take place on the side lines of the conference, – A timeline to keep track of milestone events.

Addressing ongoing and emerging challenges for meeting the Millennium Development Goals in 2015 and for sustaining development gains in the future : Report of the Secretary-General (E/2014/61, 17 April 2014)

English & French: http://undocs.org/E/2014/61

From the summary: “The report highlights opportunities for accelerating the achievement of the Goals through key facilitators and enablers of development at all levels, including effective leadership and conducive policy frameworks. It recommends sound national development strategies, strong public institutions, as well as supportive environments that include peace, stability and respect for human rights. The report suggests actions necessary for achieving development gains that are more inclusive, equitable and sustainable. It posits that structural transformations are needed to bring about employment-centred growth, distributional equity and coherent social policy frameworks that address inequalities at the national and international levels. In-depth periodic reviews conducted on the basis of sound data, monitoring and reporting will be critical for success, including through mechanisms that promote accountability and transparency. The report notes that capacity-building, technology and an effective use of big data have the potential for improving implementation, review and monitoring.”

Repertoire of the Practice of the Security Council

(Fifteenth Supplement – 2004-2007 (Vols. I and II))

English: http://www.un.org/en/sc/repertoire/structure.shtml

French: http://www.un.org/fr/sc/repertoire/structure.shtml

The Department of Political Affairs recently published the fifteenth Supplement to the Repertoire of the Practice of the Security Council, covering the years from 2004 to 2007. The Repertoire is designed to assist government officials, practitioners of international law, academics and all those interested in the work of the United Nations to follow the evolving practice of the Council and gain a better understanding of the framework in which it operates. Later supplements covering the period 2008 to 2011 are available online in their advance version.

Peace and Security

Act to Protect: Guidance Note on Attacks Against Schools and Hospitals

http://childrenandarmedconflict.un.org/publications/AttacksonSchoolsHospitals.pdf

Every child has a right to education and health, the United Nations said on 21 May 2014 launching a guidance note to assist the people monitoring, reporting and working to prevent attacks against schools and hospitals. It provides practical information for the UN and its partners on how to implement aspects of Security Council resolution 1998. Adopted in 2011, the resolution gives the UN a mandate to identify and list the armed forces and groups who attack schools or hospitals, or protected persons in relation to schools and hospitals.

Dag Hammarskjöld Library Research Guide:

Central African Republic | République centrafricaine

http://research.un.org/en/car

Security Council Concept Note: Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (7 May 2014)

English & French: http://undocs.org/S/2014/313

The Security Council held an open debate on the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction on 7 May 2014. In order to help steer the discussion on the subject, the Republic of Korea has prepared this concept note.

Security Council Concept Note: “Securing Sector Reform: Challenges and Opportunities” (28 April 2014)

English & French: http://undocs.org/S/2014/238

The Security Council held an open debate on the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction on 28 April 2014. In order to help steer the discussion on the subject, Nigeria has prepared this concept note.

Economic and Social Affairs

 

From malaria control to malaria elimination: a manual for elimination scenario planning (WHO)

http://www.who.int/malaria/publications/atoz/9789241507028/en/

On World Malaria Day (25 April), The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a manual to help countries to assess the technical, operational and financial feasibility of moving towards malaria elimination. WHO’s new guide will provide these countries with a comprehensive framework to assess different scenarios and timelines for moving towards elimination, depending on programme coverage and funding availability.

Global Programme for Combatting Wildlife and Forest Crime (UNODC)

http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/wildlife-and-forest-crime/global-programme.html

In response to the worsening levels of illicit trafficking of fauna and flora, this new programme new has been adopted by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The Global Programme will be implemented over the next four years and is an important step towards building Government capacity to prevent and combat wildlife and forest crime on a regional, national and local basis. It will also raise awareness to contribute to the reduction of demand for wild fauna and flora.

Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 (WHO)

http://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/global_alcohol_report/en/

“The report provides country profiles for alcohol consumption in the 194 WHO

Member States, the impact on public health and policy responses. Worldwide, 3.3

million deaths in 2012 were due to harmful use of alcohol. Alcohol consumption can

not only lead to dependence but also increases people’s risk of developing more than

200 diseases including liver cirrhosis and some cancers. In addition, harmful drinking

can lead to violence and injuries.

Health for the World’s Adolescents (WHO)

Report, Summary & Fact Sheet: 

http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/topics/adolescence/second-decade/en/

This is a dynamic, multimedia, online report describing why adolescents need specific attention, distinct from children and adults. It presents a global overview of adolescents’ health and health-related behaviours, including the latest data and trends, and discusses the determinants that influence their health and behaviours. It also features adolescents’ own perspectives on their health needs.

Impacts of Drug Use on Users and their Families in Afghanistan (UNODC)

http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/Studies/Impacts_Study_2014_web.pdf

Afghanistan is the world’s largest producer of opium poppies; it produces almost three quarters of the world’s illicit opium. While a significant amount of the opium produced in Afghanistan is trafficked out of the country, it was estimated that almost 10 per cent of Afghans aged between 15 and 64 were drug users. This study aims to provide an evolution and impact of drug use on users and their families across  Afghanistan.

Maternity and paternity at work: Law and practice across the world

Report & Overview in English: http://un4.me/1hZD0rr

Overview in French & Spanish: http://un4.me/Sdqz5i

The study reviews national law and practice on both maternity and paternity at work in 185 countries and territories including leave, benefits, employment protection, health protection, breastfeeding arrangements at work and childcare.

Progress on drinking water and sanitation: 2014 update (WHO / UNICEF)

http://un4.me/1owB3Hl

Since 1990, almost 2 billion people globally have gained access to improved sanitation, and 2.3 billion have gained access to drinking-water from improved sources. The report also highlights a narrowing disparity in access to cleaner water and better sanitation between rural and urban areas.

Reporting on Corruption: A Resource Tool for Governments and Journalists (UNODC)

http://www.unodc.org/documents/corruption/Publications/2014/13-87497_Ebook.pdf

This Tool is not a true how-to manual, although it offers detailed suggestions from leading journalists on innovative ways to use a vast and growing trove of public records and independent media networks.

The flood of information in today’s interconnected world creates an opportunity for journalists focused on corruption, and this document provides advice for extracting that information and explaining what it means.

Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2013; Estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, the World Bank and the United Nations Population Division

http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/monitoring/maternal-mortality-2013/en/

New data from the United Nations reveal that maternal deaths have declined by 45 per cent since 1990. Some 523,000 deaths occurred from complications in pregnancy or childbirth in 1990; in 2013, that number was 289,000. Despite this progress, most countries are not on track to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target on maternal mortality, which calls for cutting the maternal mortality ratio by 75 per cent by 2015.

Voice and Agency: Empowering Women and Girls for Shared Prosperity (World Bank Group)

http://un4.me/1n2A16P

Girls with little or no education are far more likely to be married as children, suffer domestic violence, live in poverty, and lack a say over household spending or their own health care than better-educated peers, which harms them, their children, and communities, a new report by the World Bank Group finds. Some 65 percent of women with primary education or less globally are married as children, lack control over household resources, and condone wife-beating, compared with 5 percent of women who finish high school, the report finds.

World Health Statistics 2014 (WHO)

Report & Summary: http://www.who.int/gho/publications/world_health_statistics/2014/en/

People everywhere are living longer: a girl who born in 2012 can expect to live to around 73 years, and a boy to the age of 68. This is 6 years longer than the average global life expectancy for a child born in 1990. The report shows that low-income countries have made the greatest progress, with an average increase in life expectancy by 9 years from 1990 to 2012.

World Economic Situation and Prospects mid-2014 (DESA)

http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/wesp/index.shtml

The global economy is expected to strengthen over the next two years, despite a downgrade of growth prospects for some developing countries and transition economies, and “stubbornly slow” job growth, according to the United Nations World Economic Situation and Prospects 2014 mid-year update launched on 21 March 2014 in New York.

Human Rights

Conflict in South Sudan: A Human Rights Report (UNMISS)

http://un4.me/1oUPzM5

The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) has released a public report on 8 May 2014 on the gross violations of human rights and serious violations of international humanitarian law that have occurred since the conflict in the world’s newest nation began on 15 December 2013. The report follows and substantiates the interim report issued by

UNMISS on 21 February. It describes the widespread negative impact that the conflict has had on the human rights situation in many parts of the country, following violations committed since violence erupted.

Dag Hammarskjöld Library Research Guide: Strengthening of Human Rights Treaty Monitoring Body System  

http://research.un.org/en/treatybodies

Human Rights Council appoints 19 human rights experts to report on wide range of themes and country situations

http://un4.me/1lJbQHG

Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine (15 May 2014)

http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/UA/HRMMUReport15May2014.pdf

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay said on 16 May 2014 that a new UN report produced by her 34-strong monitoring team in Ukraine shows “an alarming deterioration in the human rights situation in the east of the country, as well as serious problems emerging in Crimea, especially in relation to the Crimean Tatars.” She called on “those with influence on the armed groups responsible for much of the violence in eastern Ukraine to do their utmost to rein in these men who seem bent on tearing the country apart.”

The 36-page report is the second to be produced by the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission, based in five Ukrainian cities, since it was deployed by the High Commissioner for Human Rights in March. It covers the period from 2 April to 6 May. The report makes a number of observations and recommendations relating to the programme of legal reforms under way in the country, including expressing concerns about the “Law on the restoration of the credibility of the judiciary in Ukraine” which entered into force on 10 May.

“We Just Keep Silent”: Gender-based Violence among Syrian refugees in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

http://un4.me/1p8Fs3C

UN Women has launched a new report on 27 April 2014 on gender-based violence among Syrian refugees in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq which reveals increased levels of intimate partner violence, high levels of sexual harassment by employers and taxi drivers, and a significant number of reports of sexual commercial transactions inside and outside camps. Almost all men also reported feeling afraid for the safety of their wives and daughters.

Humanitarian Affairs

 

“The Bravest Boy I Know” (UNAIDS / UNWTO /

Sustainable Tourism for Eliminating Poverty Foundation)

http://un4.me/1p8FEQu

UNAIDS and the UN World Tourism Organization’s Sustainable Tourism for Eliminating Poverty (ST-EP) Foundation have released a new book on HIV for children. The book The Bravest Boy I Know aims to help start a conversation about the needs of children and to show that children living with HIV can lead a healthy life if they have access to treatment and support.

#CARCrisis – Taking refuge at the airport : A photo journey

English: http://www.unocha.org/CARphotojourney/

French: http://www.unocha.org/CARphotojourney/fr.html

“For the past 18 months, OCHA has worked relentlessly to garner support for the people of the Central African Republic (CAR) by advocating with donors for funding for urgent aid, with UN member states for the deployment of security forces, with humanitarian partners for scaling up their capacity to respond and more broadly, for the general public to care. We must not allow the attention on CAR to fade. We need to continue telling the story of those affected by the conflict, forced to leave their home, fleeing into the forest and to makeshift camps. The killings continue, the violence is not stopping. The plight of an entire nation cannot be forgotten. The Campaign, available in English and French, tells the story of the people of CAR through a powerful visual narrative on the crisis, compounded by compelling photos, videos, data and a call for action. Your support is key to our efforts. Please help us spread the word.”

New information material

Afrique Renouveau : « Édition Spéciale Agriculture 2014 »Édition Spéciale Agriculture 2014. 35 p.Online version: http://www.un.org/africarenewal/fr/magazine/Edition-Speciale-Agriculture-2014Africa Renewal: “Infrastructure is key to progress”

April 2014. 35 p.

Online version: http://www.un.org/africarenewal/magazine/april-en-2014

Afrique Renouveau : « Infrastructures : clés du progrès »

Avril 2014. 35 p.

Online version: http://www.un.org/africarenewal/fr/magazine/april-en-2014

New titles
added to the library collection in March

I    General Information and Reference

Yearbook of the United Nations 2009: Volume 63.

United Nations. New York. 2013. xvi, 1577 p.

Sales No. E.11.I.1. ISBN 978-92-1-101275-0.

Online version: http://unyearbook.un.org

II.    International Labour Oraganization (ILO)

Assessment of the South African legislation in view of a possible ratification of social security( Minimum standards) convention, 1952 (No. 102). 109p

ILO, Pretoria, South Africa, 2014. (ILO/TF/South Africa).

ISBN:978-92-128563-2

Online version:http://www.social-protection.org

Maternity Protection Resource Package from Aspiration to Reality for all: conditions of work and employment programme (TRAVAIL). 2012

Geneva, ILO, 2012. 63P

ISBN:978-92-2-125487-4

Online version:http://mprp.itcilo.org/allegati/en/m1.pdf

III.    Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)

Economic Report on Africa 2014: Dynamic Industrial Policy in Africa: Innovative Institutions, Effective Processes and Flexible Mechanisms.

United Nations, Economic Commission for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 2014. 128 p.

Sales No.E.14.I.K.2 ISBN 978-92-1-125122-7.

Online version: http://www.uneca.org/publications/economic-report-africa-2014

African Economic Outlook 2013: Structural Transformation and Natural Resources.357p

ISBN: 978-92-64-20053-1

UNIC Library Newsletter – April 2014

New websites within the UN system
UN in General
 
United Nations Environment Assembly
English: http://unep.org/unea/
French:
http://unep.org/french/unea/landing.asp

From 24 to 28 June 2014, the first session of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) of the United Nations Environment Programme will convene at the UNEP headquarters in Nairobi with more than 1,200 participants, including Environment Ministers, Government delegates and representatives of major groups and stakeholders.  The overarching theme of the first session is “Sustainable Development Goals and the Post-2015 Development Agenda, including sustainable consumption and production”, which is designed to inform ongoing discussions on the formulation of a set of targets and indicators that would succeed the Millennium Development Goals.

United Nations Yearbook – new and improved website
http://unyearbook.un.org/
Enhancing the standing of the Yearbook as the authoritative reference on the annual activities and concerns of the United Nations system, the new website boasts a powerful search engine and enhanced, e-book quality readability across all platforms and mobile devices. A scrolling gallery of Yearbook cover art provides clickable access to each of the 63 published Yearbook volumes.
 

Peace and Security

Dag Hammarskjöld Library Research Guide: Counter-Terrorism

http://research.un.org/en/counter-terrorism
Security Council Concept Note: Threat to international peace and security: prevention of and fight against genocide (16 April 2014)
English, French & Spanish: http://undocs.org/S/2014/265
The Security Council held a briefing on the prevention of and fight against genocide on 16 April 2014. In order to help steer the discussion on the subject, the delegation of Rwanda has prepared this concept note.

Natural Resources and Peacebuilding –
Special Issue Newsletter (PBSO / UNEP)

http://is.gd/E5vZwH

The UN Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) in collaboration with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) have issued a newsletter dedicated to natural resources and peacebuilding. In many post-conflict countries and fragile contexts, natural resources are a cornerstone for peacebuilding and development. The challenge lies in sustainably transforming a country’s natural assets into employment, livelihoods, revenues, infrastructure and state services without creating new sources of conflict or causing major environmental damage. This new Special Issue Newsletter is dedicated to exploring the latest developments at the field and policy levels in the UN system in addressing natural resources and peacebuilding. It aims to showcase and share lessons learned by practitioners and policy makers in an effort to support an emerging community of practice in this field.

United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA)
English: http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/minusca/
French:
http://www.un.org/fr/peacekeeping/missions/minusca/

Concerned with the security, humanitarian, human rights and political crisis in the Central African Republic and its regional implications, the Security Council authorized on 10 April 2014 deployment of a multidimensional United Nations peacekeeping operation – MINUSCA, with the protection of civilians as its utmost priority. Its other initial tasks included support for the transition process; facilitating humanitarian assistance; promotion and protection of human rights; support for justice and the rule of law; and disarmament, demobilization, reintegration and repatriation processes.
The newly established mission subsumed the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA) on the date of the establishment and has been set to take over authority in military and police matters from the African Union-led peacekeeping operation – MISCA – on 15 September 2014.

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations – Fact Sheet: 28 February 2014 (DPI/1634/Rev.154, March 2014)
English: http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/resources/statistics/factsheet.shtml
French:
http://www.un.org/fr/peacekeeping/resources/statistics/factsheet.shtml

United Nations Political and Peacebuilding Missions – Fact Sheet:
28 February 2014 (DPI/2166/Rev.128, March 2014)

English: http://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/documents/ppbm.pdf
French:
http://www.un.org/fr/peacekeeping/documents/ppbmf.pdf

Action for Disarmament: 10 Things You Can Do! (UNODA)
Publishing information: http://is.gd/ggP4gN
Digital preview:
http://is.gd/JdznLE
In a world where weapons remain a threat to humanity, this UN Sales publication speaks to young people by encouraging them to engage in an active and thoughtful way in this important issue for all of humankind. It is full of practical ideas including starting a discussion group, hosting a film screening, or creating an event where students and their friends can become informed, express their opinions and reach out to others on this important subject.
Economic and Social Affairs

Burden of disease from Household Air Pollution for 2012 (WHO)

http://is.gd/vb9vwj
Air pollution – both indoor and outdoor – killed some 7 million people across the globe in 2012, making it the world’s largest single environmental health risk, according to new figures released by the UN World Health Organization (WHO) on 25 March 2014.


Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability (IPCC)

http://ipcc-wg2.gov/AR5/
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued a report today that says the effects of climate change are already occurring on all continents and across the oceans. The world, in many cases, is ill-prepared for risks from a changing climate. The report also concludes that there are opportunities to respond to such risks, though the risks will be difficult to manage with high levels of warming.


Global Study on Homicide (UNODC)

Report in English, Executive Summary in English & Spanish: http://www.unodc.org/gsh/
Almost half a million people (437,000) across the world lost their lives in 2012 as a result of intentional homicide, according to a new study launched on 10 April 2014 by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Globally, some 80 per cent of homicide victims and 95 per cent of perpetrators are men.  Almost 15 per cent of all homicides stem from domestic violence (63,600). However, the overwhelming majority – almost 70 per cent – of domestic violence fatalities are women (43,600). Over half of all homicide victims are under 30 years of age, with children under the age of 15 accounting for just over 8 per cent of all homicides (36,000), the Study highlighted.

International Migration Policies : Government Views and Priorities (DESA)
http://is.gd/JoZSel

This report describes Government views and policy priorities related to immigration and emigration, and how these have evolved along with changing international migration patterns for 196 countries. It provides information on levels and trends in international migration, policies to influence the level of immigration, policies to promote immigration of highly skilled workers, policies to foster the integration of migrants into the host society, including naturalization policies, and other policies designed by Governments in countries of origin, such as policies on emigration, acceptance of dual citizenship, policies to encourage the return of citizens, and measures to promote involvement of diaspora in countries of origin.

Multidimensional Poverty Assessment Tool (MPAT)

http://www.ifad.org/mpat/
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) will unveil on 3 April a simple and innovative tool that will change the way rural development can be analysed and measured.
The Multidimensional Poverty Assessment Tool (MPAT) is the result of a collaborative, international initiative started in 2008 and led by IFAD. It provides a clear picture of rural poverty’s key dimensions by taking into account the complex realities on the ground. By pointing development partners to areas where support is most needed and by monitoring and measuring the actions and initiatives implemented to improve rural lives and livelihoods, MPAT can facilitate and enhance successful interventions.

Reading in the Mobile Era (UNESCO)
http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002274/227436e.pdf
Mobile technology can advance literacy and learning in underserved communities around the world, according to a new report published on 23 April 2013 by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on the occasion of World Book and Copyright Day. The report highlights that hundreds of thousands of people currently use mobile technology as a portal to text. Findings show that in countries where illiteracy rates are high and physical text is scarce, large numbers of people read full-length books and stories on rudimentary small screen devices.
Human Rights

OHCHR Management Plan 2014-2017

http://www2.ohchr.org/english/ohchrreport2014_2017/omp_web_version/index.html
The goal for the Plan is to make the most of the resources in implementing the human rights mandate of the United Nations. The six thematic priorities are: strengthening international human rights mechanisms; enhancing equality and countering discrimination; combating impunity and strengthening accountability and the rule of law; integrating human rights in development and the economic sphere; widening the democratic space; and the early warning and protection of human rights in situations of conflict, violence and insecurity. This is the first time that OHCHR has identified a set of thematic priorities for a four year period. OHCHR also commissioned a review of forecasting studies.


Progress and Obstacles in the Fight against Impunity for Sexual Violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (April 2014)

English: http://is.gd/5LP8BL
French:
http://is.gd/di63Y4
Rape and sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) remain very serious concerns, with thousands of victims, in particular in the east of the country, over the past four years, according to a UN report released on 9 April 2014. The report also indicates that, while some progress has been made in the fight against impunity for sexual violence, much more needs to be done to hold perpetrators of sexual violence accountable.

Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine (15 April 2014)
http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/UA/Ukraine_Report_15April2014.doc
Misinformation, propaganda and incitement to hatred need to be urgently countered in Ukraine to avoid the further escalation of tension in the country, according to a UN human rights report issued on 15 April 2014. The report by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights looks at the root causes of the protests that have taken place since November 2013, including corruption and widespread economic inequality, as well as the lack of accountability for human rights violations by the security forces and weak rule of law institutions. It also assesses the human rights situation in Crimea, including in the context of the 16 March referendum, and makes recommendations for the way forward.
Humanitarian Affairs
 
Education Cluster (UNICEF / Save the Children)
http://educationcluster.net/
The Education Cluster is an open formal forum for coordination and collaboration on education in humanitarian crises. The Education Cluster brings together NGOs, UN agencies, academics, and other partners under the shared goal of ensuring predictable, well coordinated and equitable provision of education for populations affected by humanitarian crises.
This new platform offers more flexibility in terms of structure and visual identity and strengthens the exchange of information across clusters. It contains broad information on the Education Cluster, both at global and country level, tools and resources, videos, news, information on upcoming events as well as key contact information.

Saving Lives Today and Tomorrow: Managing the Risk of Humanitarian Crises (OCHA)
Report: http://is.gd/bMATM0  
Overview & Highlights:
http://is.gd/afkopG
Humanitarian organizations face a choice: Should they continue to respond to the growing number of people affected by crises, with the commensurate increase in resources and efficiency gains that this will require? Or is a more fundamental shift required, towards a model which—working with Governments and the development sector—not only fine tunes and improves the response to humanitarian crises, but learns to anticipate them, to act before they become catastrophes and to prevent their recurrence? An increasing number of experts and practitioners are concluding that the second option is not only preferable, but essential. This report aims to explain why, and how to make that shift a reality.
International Law
 
Transparency Registry (UNCITRAL)
http://www.uncitral.org/transparency-registry/
The Transparency Registry is a central repository for the publication of information and documents in treaty-based investor-state arbitration. The Transparency Registry has been established under the UNCITRAL Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based investor-State Arbitration (the “Rules on Transparency”), effective as of 1 April 2014.
 
New titles
added to the library collection in April

I.  
World Health Organization (WHO)


Bulletin of the World Health Organization: Volume 92, Issue 4, April 2014, p. 229-308.
Online version:
http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/92/4/en/index.htmlHealth and environment: communicating the risks.
WHO Regional Office for Europe. Copenhagen, Denmark. 2013. Vii, 54 p.
ISBN 978-92-890-00512.
Online version:

http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/233759/e96930.pdf

Note:
Please send your questions and feedback to the UNIC Library at hope.kabamba@unic.org