Economic and Social Affairs
From malaria control to malaria elimination: a manual for elimination scenario planning (WHO)
On World Malaria Day (25 April), The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a manual to help countries to assess the technical, operational and financial feasibility of moving towards malaria elimination. WHO’s new guide will provide these countries with a comprehensive framework to assess different scenarios and timelines for moving towards elimination, depending on programme coverage and funding availability.
Global Programme for Combatting Wildlife and Forest Crime (UNODC)
In response to the worsening levels of illicit trafficking of fauna and flora, this new programme new has been adopted by the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The Global Programme will be implemented over the next four years and is an important step towards building Government capacity to prevent and combat wildlife and forest crime on a regional, national and local basis. It will also raise awareness to contribute to the reduction of demand for wild fauna and flora.
Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 (WHO)
“The report provides country profiles for alcohol consumption in the 194 WHO
Member States, the impact on public health and policy responses. Worldwide, 3.3
million deaths in 2012 were due to harmful use of alcohol. Alcohol consumption can
not only lead to dependence but also increases people’s risk of developing more than
200 diseases including liver cirrhosis and some cancers. In addition, harmful drinking
can lead to violence and injuries.
Health for the World’s Adolescents (WHO)
Report, Summary & Fact Sheet:
This is a dynamic, multimedia, online report describing why adolescents need specific attention, distinct from children and adults. It presents a global overview of adolescents’ health and health-related behaviours, including the latest data and trends, and discusses the determinants that influence their health and behaviours. It also features adolescents’ own perspectives on their health needs.
Impacts of Drug Use on Users and their Families in Afghanistan (UNODC)
Afghanistan is the world’s largest producer of opium poppies; it produces almost three quarters of the world’s illicit opium. While a significant amount of the opium produced in Afghanistan is trafficked out of the country, it was estimated that almost 10 per cent of Afghans aged between 15 and 64 were drug users. This study aims to provide an evolution and impact of drug use on users and their families across Afghanistan.
Maternity and paternity at work: Law and practice across the world
Report & Overview in English: http://un4.me/1hZD0rr
Overview in French & Spanish: http://un4.me/Sdqz5i
The study reviews national law and practice on both maternity and paternity at work in 185 countries and territories including leave, benefits, employment protection, health protection, breastfeeding arrangements at work and childcare.
Progress on drinking water and sanitation: 2014 update (WHO / UNICEF)
Since 1990, almost 2 billion people globally have gained access to improved sanitation, and 2.3 billion have gained access to drinking-water from improved sources. The report also highlights a narrowing disparity in access to cleaner water and better sanitation between rural and urban areas.
Reporting on Corruption: A Resource Tool for Governments and Journalists (UNODC)
This Tool is not a true how-to manual, although it offers detailed suggestions from leading journalists on innovative ways to use a vast and growing trove of public records and independent media networks.
The flood of information in today’s interconnected world creates an opportunity for journalists focused on corruption, and this document provides advice for extracting that information and explaining what it means.
Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2013; Estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, the World Bank and the United Nations Population Division
New data from the United Nations reveal that maternal deaths have declined by 45 per cent since 1990. Some 523,000 deaths occurred from complications in pregnancy or childbirth in 1990; in 2013, that number was 289,000. Despite this progress, most countries are not on track to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target on maternal mortality, which calls for cutting the maternal mortality ratio by 75 per cent by 2015.
Voice and Agency: Empowering Women and Girls for Shared Prosperity (World Bank Group)
Girls with little or no education are far more likely to be married as children, suffer domestic violence, live in poverty, and lack a say over household spending or their own health care than better-educated peers, which harms them, their children, and communities, a new report by the World Bank Group finds. Some 65 percent of women with primary education or less globally are married as children, lack control over household resources, and condone wife-beating, compared with 5 percent of women who finish high school, the report finds.
World Health Statistics 2014 (WHO)
Report & Summary: http://www.who.int/gho/publications/world_health_statistics/2014/en/
People everywhere are living longer: a girl who born in 2012 can expect to live to around 73 years, and a boy to the age of 68. This is 6 years longer than the average global life expectancy for a child born in 1990. The report shows that low-income countries have made the greatest progress, with an average increase in life expectancy by 9 years from 1990 to 2012.
World Economic Situation and Prospects mid-2014 (DESA)
The global economy is expected to strengthen over the next two years, despite a downgrade of growth prospects for some developing countries and transition economies, and “stubbornly slow” job growth, according to the United Nations World Economic Situation and Prospects 2014 mid-year update launched on 21 March 2014 in New York.